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Thursday, April 30, 2020 | History

3 edition of On-farm management and nitrate leaching in the Columbia Basin of Washington found in the catalog.

On-farm management and nitrate leaching in the Columbia Basin of Washington

William Marshall Frasier

On-farm management and nitrate leaching in the Columbia Basin of Washington

an economic analysis

by William Marshall Frasier

  • 67 Want to read
  • 5 Currently reading

Published .
Written in English

    Subjects:
  • Farm management -- Environmental aspects -- Mathematical models,
  • Nitrates -- Environmental aspects -- Columbia River Watershed,
  • Soils -- Leaching -- Prevention -- Economic aspects -- Mathematical models

  • Edition Notes

    Statementby William Marshall Frasier.
    The Physical Object
    Paginationxv, 343 leaves, bound :
    Number of Pages343
    ID Numbers
    Open LibraryOL16982015M
    OCLC/WorldCa33888448

    Of the common plant nutrients, nitrogen in the nitrate form is the most water-soluble and therefore the most vulnerable to leaching. Anytime soil is bare and appreciable rain falls, nitrates are on the move. Nitrate can be present in the soil at the end of a cropping season if the crop did not use all the N applied. Water quality and nutrient management issues in the state have stimulated interest in re-evaluating these recommendations after more than two decades. From , we conducted on-farm trials in P in corn and soybean and 84 trials in K for corn and soybean in Ohio. This expanded issue of Pollution Prevention Northwest describes P2 approaches in both urban and rural areas. By addressing diffuse pollution sources holistically through watershed management and adopting practical P2 measures, communities and their businesses can improve the bottom line for . Colorado Water» November/December Vol Issue 4 Colorado Water is a publication of the CSU Water Center. The newsletter is devoted to highlighting water research and activities at CSU and throughout Colorado. Published by Colorado Water Institute Reagan Waskom, Director Editor Lindsey Middleton Designer Emmett Jordan Production.

    Groundwater is vital for Canada’s health, environment and economy. Nearly a third of Canada’s population, some 10 million people, depends on groundwater for safe drinking water and more than 80 per cent of Canada’s rural population depends on groundwater for its entire water supply. Canada’s groundwater, however, is increasingly under threat from factors such as urbanization, climate.


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On-farm management and nitrate leaching in the Columbia Basin of Washington by William Marshall Frasier Download PDF EPUB FB2

Dissertation: On-Farm Management and Nitrate Leaching in the Columbia Basin of Washington: An Economic Analysis M.S., Agricultural Economics, University of On-farm management and nitrate leaching in the Columbia Basin of Washington book, Lincoln, NE Thesis: Optimal Management Strategies for Beef Cattle Herds in the Sandhills Area of Nebraska.

Basalt aquifer recharge, age, and water level in the Columbia Basin ground water manage-ment area of Adams, Franklin, Grant and Lincoln Counties, Washington. Columbia Basin Ground Water Management Area.

A summary report to the Washington State Legislature. McCall, M.A. The soil mulch in the absorption and retention of moisture. Agric. Res. Formerly D (11/03).

Significant Activities that Support Special Target Populations Objective 1. Potato is produced on approximatelyacres in the Columbia Basin On-farm management and nitrate leaching in the Columbia Basin of Washington book Washington on highly erodible, low organic matter soils.

Weeds and their control cost growers from $35 to. left the irrigated tract. Discharge of nitrogen was about 20 to 30 kg per hectare per year during the study period. Techniques were devised to reasonably separate the effects of ashfall deposited into the study area by theeruption of Mount St.

Helens from the On-farm management and nitrate leaching in the Columbia Basin of Washington book of research project activities related to sediment and phosphorus discharges. While various levels of reduction in nitrate leaching achieved by optimizing management practices have been documented through soil, lysimeter and tile-drain sampling at a plot/field scale (e.g.

Oregon State University1, Corvallis, Oregon and Washington State University2, Puyallup, Washington. Nitrate can pollute groundwater if there is a substantial quantity present in the soil when leaching potential is high, usually in winter when precipitation exceeds evapotranspiration.

The Columbia Basin production area in central Washington and north central Oregon includes approximatelyacres irrigated by water from the Columbia and Snake Rivers. Growth and development Understanding how the onion plant grows and develops is a key part of developing a strategy to supply nutrients for optimum bulb yield and quality.

Cardy meter. A portable nitrate meter (not for in-field use, but can be used on farm). Need to extract nitrate from leaf or On-farm management and nitrate leaching in the Columbia Basin of Washington book first. X-ray fluorimeter. A non-destructive instrument that can read nutrient levels in leaves and fruit (e.g., Tracer 5, Bruker Mfg., Kennewick, WA).

It may be useful on all elements in the periodic table from. Abstract: Cover crop performance depends largely on management factors that must be customized to particular farm situations and, therefore, is suited for on-farm research, with farmers involved in both management and evaluation.

Cover crop sequences that were successful in a research station study were tested over a variety of soils and. Nitrogen transformation models are essential in designing management options to minimize groundwater pollution that aim at reducing nitrate leaching (Ling and El-Kadi, ; Refsgaard et al., Goals / Objectives a) Elucidate factors to improve soil quality and nutrient-use-efficiency (NUE), b) Develop mgmt to increase NUE and decrease residual soil nitrate (RSN), c) Develop sustainable low/no-till practices for irrigated crops, d) Determine ways to prevent surface/ground water contamination, and enhance microbial mediation e) Develop/test/calibrate mgmt tools to evaluate best mgmt.

Nitrate Leaching from Injected Manure on Coarse-Textured Soils Since conservation tillage is often practised successfully on sandy soils, manure injection systems are needed for these fields. Since these soils are prone to leaching of nitrate, especially where the water table is shallow, special caution must be practised when injecting manure.

Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: / Lanyon, L. E., and D. Beegle. The role of on-farm nutrient balance assessments in an integrated approach to nutrient management. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation Nitrogen use and nitrate leaching in irrigated agriculture.

in Nitrogen. UNITED STATES ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY WASHINGTON B.C. OFFICE OF THE ADMINISTRATOR EPA SCIENCE ADVISORY BOARD Decem EPA-SAB Honorable Stephen L.

Johnson Administrator U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Pennsylvania Avenue, N.W. Washington, D.C. Subj ect: Hypoxia in the Northern Gulf of Mexico: An Update. With enhanced nutrient and cropping management (Farmlet 3), a similar total yield comprised lower maize biomass but higher grass and cover crop biomass.

There was also more grain (not shown) and greater N recovery, and due to better growth of grass and cover crop, there was notably less nitrate leaching.

The goal of efforts to reduce nitrogen and phosphorus loss from agriculture to water is to increase nutrient use-efficiency. To do this, farmers attempt to balance the input of nutrients into a watershed from feed and fertilizer with outputs in crop and livestock produce, and also to manage the level of nitrogen and phosphorus in the soil.

Nitrate leaching from the Broadbalk wheat experiment, Rothamsted, UK, as controlled by fertiliser and manure inputs and the weather.

Soil Use and Management. 16 (4), pp. Agricultural carbon mitigation options in Europe: improved estimates and the global perspectiveCited by: 3. Nitrogen in the Environment: Sources, Problems, and Management is the first volume to provide a holistic perspective and comprehensive treatment of nitrogen from field, to ecosystem, to treatment of urban and rural drinking water supplies, while also including a historical overview, human health impacts and policy considerations.

Nitrate leaching losses and their control in a mixed farm system in the Cotswold Hills, England. Soil Use and Management. 18 (4), pp. Development and application of a mechanistic model to estimate emission of nitrous oxide from UK agricultureAuthor: A.

Johnston, P. Poulton, K. Goulding, A. Macdonald, M. Glendining. means it’s official. Federal government websites always use domain. Before sharing sensitive information online, make sure you’re on site by inspecting your browser’s address (or “location”) bar.

John, L. Great Basin Native Plant Selection and Increase Project - Annual Report. Aberdeen Plant Materials Center, Aberdeen, er 19, 11 p. Presentations: Tilley, D. Aberdeen PMC report of activities Great Basin Native Plant Selection and Increase Project. Society for Range Management annual meeting, Reno, NV.

Introduction. Projected increases in human population together with an improved diet indicate that current production of crops and trees will need to be raised substantially over the next few decades (Evans,Waterlow et al., ).The world’s population has already risen from billion in to its current 6 billion and is projected to be about 8 billion by (Fischer and Cited by: Addressing Nitrate in California s Drinking Water with a focus on Tulare Lake Basin and Salinas Valley Groundwater.

92 pages. Center for Watershed Sciences, UC Davis. California - Websites. This thesis concerns groundwater quality with a detailed study of the Abbotsford-Sumas Aquifer and the high nitrate-nitrogen values that have been occurring for the past 20 or so years. Groundwater is becoming an increasingly scarce resource, both in terms of quantity and quality, worldwide.

Aquifers are generally poorly understood, dynamic and are an integral part of the hydrological cycle. In maize-based cropping systems, leaching of nitrate-nitrogen (NO3-N) to drainage tile and groundwater is a significant problem.

The purpose of this study was to assess whether a winter rye cover crop planted after silage maize or soybean harvest and injected with liquid manure could decrease soil NO3-N without reducing the yield of the following maize : Leslie A.

Everett, Melissa L. Wilson, Randall J. Pepin, Jeffrey A. Coulter. The Colorado Potato Beetle in the Columbia Basin. composting methods, and managing water and leachate.

The content pertains to small and medium-size on-farm composting enterprises that handle about to 5, tons of raw organic material per year. Successful Whole Farm Management Planning Book: Think It. Write It. A collection of publications related to dairy farm management and economic decision-making.

Includes peer-reviewed journal articles, book chapters, and scientific presentations; and extension-based publications such as conference proceedings, reports, magazine articles, and press releases. Wright, J.L. and Westermann, D.T. and Lehrsch, G.A. () Studying nitrate-N leaching with a bromide tracer in an irrigated silt loam soil.

In: Schaack, J. and al, et (eds.) Proc. Water Management Conf. Best Management Practices for Irrigated Agriculture and the Environment. Based on the results of a number of on-farm trials in the savannahs prone to water scarcity, Rockstrom and Baron () also concluded that crop transpiration and yield relationship show non-linearity under on-farm and low-yield conditions.

With integrated soil and water management, focusing on mitigation of. COSTS AND BENEFITS OF IMPROVING WATER QUALITY BY COMPOSTING LIVESTOCK WASTES.

A CONTINGENT VALUATION APPROACH by RITA KAUR ATHWAL (Agr.)/ The University of British Columbia, A THESIS SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT OF THE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DEGREE OF MASTER OF SCIENCE in THE FACULTY OF GRADUATE STUDIES. Sustainable Potato Production: Global Case Studies Chapter 9 examines the late blight epidemics in the Columbia Basin of southcentral Washington and north-central Oregon.

Part IV presents the case studies of rainfed potato production in eastern Canada with the focus on nitrogen management issues. Nitrate Leaching from Potato Production. 3 Horn Fly control for rangeland and pastured beef cattle Greg Johnson, MSU Veterinary Entomologist, Department of Animal and Range Sciences The horn fly, Haematobia irritans (L.), is one of the most important summer pests.

On-farm research improves nutrient management on dairy farms nitrate leaching 50%, establishment costs $ per acre, can increase seed yields, allow earlier spring planting times, and increase recreation time for farmers. Potato production in the Columbia Basin region of the Pacific Northwest is dependent on irrigation.

Soils in. However, leaching of fertilizer nitrate may accelerate the leaching of bases from the crop rooting zone, leading to an acidification of the topsoil and a reduction in crop yields.

Our ojective was to investigate the influence of urea and legume green manure sources of N on crop yields, leaching of cations, and the fertility of the plow layer of. Nitrogen Fertilizer Recovery Efficiency and Nitrate Leaching in Cotton for Different Irrigation Systems. Malazian, A. Determining the Repeatability of the Matric Potential Sensor (MPS-1) in a Columbia.

Full text of "Managing Cover Crops Profitably" See other formats. Ren, L., M. Mao, and R. Zhang. Estimating nitrate leaching with a transfer function model incorporating net-mineralization and uptake of nitrogen. Journal of Environment Quality (in press). 04/09/ Referred Journal Articles Abdel-Fattah, H.M., K.A.

Shackel, DC Slaughter. Methodology for determining almond shaker displacement and. Cameron KC, Wild A () Potential acquifer pollution from nitrate leaching following the plowing of temporary grassland. J Environ Qual 13(2)– Google Scholar Campiglia E, Caporali F, Paolini R, De Sanctis D, Anelli G () Yield quality aspects of the hazelgrove (Corylus avellana L.) agroecosystem in central by: 8.

WEBINAR: Biomass Production and Water Quality in the Mississippi River Basin — December 6, Join the U.S. Department of Energy’s Bioenergy Technologies Office on Dec.

6,at 1 p.m. CST for a webinar on “Biomass Production and Water Quality in the Mississippi River. Jeffrey Apland & Robert N. Barnes & Fred Justus, "The Farm Lease: An Analysis of Owner-Tenant and Landlord Preferences under Risk," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol.

66(3), pages. Sustainable land use is the management of the natural environment and pdf built environment to conserve the resources that help to sustain the current local human population and that of future generations.

This review serves three by: 9.This book provides a comprehensive evaluation of the use of Cation and nitrate leaching in an oxisol of the Brazilian Amazon. Agron. J. Brazil, Amazon, maize, Zea mays, calcium-ions.

cation leaching, nitrogen-fertilizers, oxisols, soil-acidity.farmers in Benin tried on-farm research to restore soil fertility, "the.more ebook to leach phosphorus. Nitrogen, in the form of nitrate (NO. 3-N) presents leaching concerns for groundwater quality.

Fertilizers with a solubility of more than 30 mg/L (or 30 ppm) can pose a risk for leaching. Protecting Wellheads. The state’s wellhead protection program allows municipalities, rural-water systems, or other.